JAW CYSTS

 
 

JAW CYSTS

Maxillary cysts are characterized as a great variety of lesions that merit an accurate diagnosis.

The vast majority of cysts are benign, but there are cysts with malignant potential that require special attention.

Most cysts (51%) are inflammatory cysts that, if left untreated, can enlarge and weaken/compress anatomical structures. At an early stage most of these cysts can be safely treated under local anaesthesia. For larger cysts, we recommend treatment under general anaesthesia.

 
 
 
 

TYPES OF CYSTS

Odontogenic
Periapical (radicular) cysts: These cysts are the most common in jaws and are usually associated with non-vital teeth. The treatment of these cysts consists of treating the associated tooth canal and subsequent surgical enucleation of the cyst. The prognosis is good.


Dentigerous cysts
Dentigerous cysts are the 2nd most common type of cysts among the odontogenic cysts. By definition, this type of cyst is associated with the dental crown.

Odontogenic keratocyst
This type of cyst can exhibit aggressive behaviour with several relapses, and is associated with genetic mutations.

Non-Odontogenic Cysts
This type of cyst is associated with facial malformation, such as Globulomaxillary Cysts, Nasolabial Cysts and Nasopalatine Cysts.

Pseudocysts
These types of cysts are not cysts in the true sense of the word because they are not covered with epithelium. However, examples of pseudocysts are: Stafne Cysts, Traumatic Cysts and Aneurysmal Cysts.
 
 
 
 
 

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