Thyroid pathology is primarily manifest by nodules.
Thyroid nodules are extremely common in the general population, particularly in women after 45 years of age. Most people discover that they have thyroid nodules through an ultrasound. Although the thyroid can cause a variety of symptoms (weight loss or gain, difficulty in swallowing, hoarseness, insomnia, among others), the vast majority of thyroid nodules do not cause symptoms. The distinction between symptoms caused by thyroid and those that are not caused by thyroid is not always easy, but it is extremely important to conduct a correct clinical investigation for the patient to be able to correctly correlate which of the symptoms are or are not attributable to thyroid nodules, especially when there is surgical indication.
Some patients with thyroid nodules have to be operated on and this indication is not always clear to the patient.
The possible complications of surgery are often not clearly explained to patients and it is still very common today to see patients who have become hoarse after surgery and who think this is normal. In fact, it is not normal! Did you know that if you become hoarse after thyroid surgery you can be treated to recover your voice?