The most common signs and symptoms of this disorder include :
- Facial and or/joint pain (often confused with ear pain)
- Joint popping/clicking
- Blocking or limitation of mouth opening
- Sensation of disarticulation of the jaws
- Muscle or neck tension/pressure
- Feeling "gritty" in the joint
TMD is a multifactorial disease, meaning that there are different causes associated with this problem. These can be highlighted:
- Acute trauma
- Chronic traum
- Autoimmune pathology
- Bruxism (teeth grinding)
- Tooth clenching
To make the diagnosis of TMD, in a first step, it is essential to listen to the patient's clinical history and perform the appropriate objective examination in order to obtain some diagnostic hypotheses.
In the medical history we will ask you some questions, such as: (1) when did you start having complaints; (2) how has the disease progressed; (3) have you had previous treatments; (4) the level of pain you have experienced in the last six months; (5) do you feel any limitation in opening your mouth.
After the first consultation, there may be a need for our Orofacial Pain and Temporomandibular Disorder specialists to ask you to perform:
- Magnetic resonance imaging of the temporomandibular joints and/or;
- Computed Tomography of temporomandibular joints and/or;
- Orthopantomography and/or;
- Frontal X-ray.